People have needed food since the dawn of time, and one of the most effective ways to continuously produce the necessary food has always been agriculture. Entire fields full of grain, planted carefully and nurtured to grow into harvests to feed families and even entire villages or cities. The problem with growing so much to feed so many was that people soon began to realise that storing the grain storage was a problem, and so the development of grain storage equipment began.
Grain storage in containers
One of the earliest grain storage equipment solutions was the use of containers. These containers ranged from vessels as small as gourds and calabashes to far larger earthenware pots. The difficulty found with grain storage in small vessels such as gourds was that if the moisture content in the grain was too high (more than 12% moisture content) it would ruin the grain. They also had to be improved over time to be properly sealed with wax or dry oils.
Jars and cribs were also used as grain storage equipment. Cribs made from plant materials proved especially useful for grain storage in very humid areas where grains needed to be stored somewhere with good ventilation. Although these cribs could be placed on a platform above a fire for drying and insect-repellent purposes, the plant material used to build these cribs often rotted relatively quickly and needed frequent repair and replacement. The jars were more resilient and proved quite effective so long as they were not exposed to the sun, which would lead to cracks. The main concern with these jars and cribs was their vulnerability to the weather, pest and thieves, which have all been common problems for centuries. Without a healthy and complete supply of food, starvation very quickly became a harsh reality.
Underground grain storage
Another popular grain storage method that came up in dry regions such as India and southern Africa was that of underground storage pits. These pits were constructed for long term grain storage as they were less expensive to construct compared to above-ground facilities and presented relatively low ambient and constant temperatures, which aided in preserving the grain. Once sealed with sand or mud over a timber or stone cover these underground storehouses became far less visible and so much safer from thieves.
Greater efficiency and safety in modern grain storage
Although the civilisations of the past definitely came up with ingenious grain storage equipment and solutions, modern technology has far surpassed these in terms of capacity, safety and efficiency. Companies such as GSI Africa are bringing international quality and engineering that allows for tons of grain storage at a time, which also allows farmers to expand their production without worrying about grain storage equipment. At the same time, these grain storage facilities can also be integrated with systems to dry and aerate the grain, sort it and convey it to transport or packaging locations with ease.
The safety against pests and theft and vastly improved efficiency of modern grain storage equipment is what the world needs today with our growing population. If you are looking for a directory link to a grain storage equipment supplier and manufacturer, just click here. There’s also a great South African agricultural directory if you are looking animal feed storage solutions or anything else at all.